Hitoe (unlined kimono)
Stenciled warps and wefts (meisen)

This is a young girl’s hitoe. The flap barely visible from left to right in the middle is only basted down, and can easily been undone when extra length is necessary. With an obi (sash) in place, the fold would not have been visible.

The crudely executed landscapes on this hitoe show the influence of German expressionism on Japanese designers. While architectural structures usually appear mathematical, symmetrical, and solidly built, these look like they were cobbled together out of old scrap materials, follow no architectural principles, and will soon topple over. The greenery is out of all proportion to the architecture.

Compare these with the buildings in the eccentric toy town sculpted by German Expressionist Lyonel Feininger.

Or with the rooftops shown in the 1920 German Expressionist movie, The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari.