Furoshiki (carrying cloth)
Cotton (homespun)
Tsutsugaki (rice paste resist), stenciling, stem stitch embroidery

Rather than carry goods in bags or boxes of predetermined size, the Japanese used carrying cloths, so the size of the packaging exactly fit the size of the goods when the four ends of the furoshiki were tied together.

This furoshiki was ordered for someone named Itoh, as seen here. Most of the furoshiki is in good shape, but where the ends were knotted, the material has been lightened with wear.  The name appears backward here, but when the package is tied, the name will show the right way out out.

Stitchwork at the four corners reinforces an area that receives extra stress.

Detail of the homespun.