Woman’s hitoe
Chijimi (plain weave crepe)

As with several previously shown garments, this also seems to show some influence from Russian design.

The material is so light and sheer that the designs on the front can be made out to some extent.

Here is what the Japan National Tourist Organization writes about chijimi:

Hemp fabric has been woven in the city of Ojiya, Niigata Prefecture for centuries. Ojiya-chijimi was a fabric popularized in the 17th century by improving the traditional superior hemp cloth of Echigo for use in summer garments. The hemp fabric is woven by spinning the weft thread tightly, creating a distinctive crease… These creases impart a smooth, cool sensation when the fabric is worn. Ojiya-chijimi cloth is still being made using time-honored techniques and was designated an Important Intangible Cultural Treasure by the Japanese government in 1955, and a traditional craft in 1975.

Below is a work by Liubov Popova, an early 20th century Russian artist.

Paste the link below into your browser to see another Popova work, in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art, which bears a close resemblance to the second photograph above.